The refreshing coolness of the site of Termessos makes a delightful change after the sometimes enervating heat of the coastal plain. Located 1,650 meters above sea level, Termessos is rather difficult to reach but the effort is well worth it as the route takes one through country marked by wild mountainous beauty. The ruins of Termessos are situated on plateau between two peaks south of Gulluk Mountain. Termessos is now part of a national park that can be reached by a good asphalt road thirty kilometers from Antalya. A steep track from the park leadas up to the ruins.
The city of Termessos was founded in a remote spot at the foot of Mt Solymos (Gulluk). Despite its closeness (’’as the crow flies") to Antalya, it was not part of ancient Pamphylia, lying instead within the boundaries of Pisidia. The inhabitants of ancient Termessos referred to themselves as "Solymians" and they were a war-like and extremely brave people. The harsh Alpine conditions of their home probably had much to do with this. Termessos is referred to in the Iliad but the Termessians do not appear in history until 334 B.C., when they refused to surrender to Alexander on his way through Asia Minor. Though Alexander tried to subdue them, the remoteness and inaccessability of the Termessian stronghold made the effort futile. He was forced to raise the siege and continued on his way via Sagalasos. All he could do in retaliation was to burn down the Termessians olive groves surrounding their town.