Adiyaman is Turkey’s oil boom town, with all the good and bad of that "honor." When oil was discovered around nearby Kahta, the money flowed into Adiyaman, the provincial capital.
According to archaeological research the history of the area goes back to the Paleolithic Age. During the Neolithic Age (8000-7000 B.C.) Gritille, Hayaz, Ancoz and Samsat were the main culture centers.